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Spectrum: Autism Research News

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Signs & Symptoms

Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.

December 2018

Unusual sensory responses in infancy may hint at autism

by  /  12 December 2018

Some children diagnosed with autism by age 2 show unusual responses to sights, sounds and textures as infants.

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Post-traumatic stress disorder may mimic autism in some children

by  /  11 December 2018

Clinicians need to be able to distinguish autism from post-traumatic stress disorder so they can provide the right support.

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Two brain images highlight social areas.

Sex differences in brain hint at roots of ‘camouflaging’ in autism

by  /  10 December 2018

Autistic women’s activity in a ‘social’ brain region tracks with the extent to which they mask their autism.

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A premature baby in an incubator drinking from a bottle.

Study links autism to high levels of fat hormone

by  /  7 December 2018

Autism may be accompanied by high levels of the hormone leptin in early childhood.

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Child in MEG with eeg cap

Autistic children may have to mute own perspective to grasp others’

by  /  6 December 2018

To understand another person’s point of view, children with autism may need to actively suppress their own.

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Siblings, a baby and a toddler, play together at home.

How pregnancy may shape a child’s autism

by  /  5 December 2018

Autism is predominantly genetic in origin, but a growing list of prenatal exposures for mother and baby may sway the odds.

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National surveys estimate U.S. autism prevalence at 1 in 40

by  /  3 December 2018

About 1 in 40 children in the United States has autism, according to a survey conducted in 2016. Roughly 30 percent of those children were not being treated for the condition at the time.

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Female doctor with mother and child in doctor's office.

Slow onset may explain late autism diagnosis in some children

by  /  3 December 2018

Some autistic children don’t show traits of the condition until age 5 or later.

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November 2018
Father and son talking on the couch.

Autistic children, parents may shape each other’s language

by  /  28 November 2018

Parents may speak to their autistic children using fewer words and less complex sentences than do parents of typical children, which in turn shapes the children’s language skills.

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Illustration shows head with closed eyes.

‘Shock therapy’ may help some autistic teens with catatonia

by  /  26 November 2018

Case reports suggest electroconvulsive therapy is effective for treating catatonia in people with autism.

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