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Signs & Symptoms

Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.

May 2018
Elementary school age girl with glasses watches from outside a fence.
News

To get an autism diagnosis, girls need worse social skills than boys

by  /  28 May 2018

Girls with an autism diagnosis have more severe impairments in social communication than boys with the diagnosis.

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Four brains with different areas colored in red, orange, yellow and black.
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Brain size varies predictably with loss, gain of DNA segment

by  /  24 May 2018

Missing one copy of a stretch of chromosome 16 leads to an enlarged brain; an extra copy of the region has the opposite effect.

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a group of elementary school age kids in a huddle, talking.
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Use of certain social strategies linked to anxiety in autism

by  /  23 May 2018

Children with autism often have problems understanding others’ thoughts; those who use mental strategies to compensate for these problems may be unusually anxious.

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Toddler playing with legos
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Autism screen misses children with noticeable delays

by  /  21 May 2018

A widely used test for autism misses some children with delays in motor, social and communication skills.

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Sad child sitting in the dark
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Girls with autism at high risk of sexual abuse, large study says

by  /  14 May 2018

Many women with autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder report having been sexually abused as a child.

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Silhouetted child in the trees
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Young girls with autism have more psychiatric problems than boys

by  /  12 May 2018

A greater proportion of 3-year-old girls than boys with autism have psychiatric features such as anxiety and moodiness.

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Newborn with mother
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Few parents recognize regression in their children with autism

by  /  12 May 2018

Many children eventually diagnosed with autism lose social skills between 18 months and 3 years of age. But few parents notice this trend.

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Child with doctor in office
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Who’s ‘minimally verbal’? Depends whom you ask

by  /  12 May 2018

The proportion of children with autism considered to be minimally verbal in a study depends on the criteria researchers use to identify them.

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hand holding ipad with images
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Special interests hinder self-control in children with autism

by  /  12 May 2018

Children with autism show much less restraint when confronted with one of their interests, compared with their typical peers.

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Birdseye view of large crowd
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Rise in U.S. autism prevalence stems mainly from ‘mild’ cases

by  /  12 May 2018

The bulk of the increase in autism prevalence in the United States between 2000 and 2012 can be attributed to children on the mild end of the spectrum.

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