Communication problems have always been considered a core feature of autism. Yet there are substantial and wide-ranging differences in how people with autism communicate.
Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.
People on the spectrum often have subtle problems using language or making facial expressions. Pinpointing where those difficulties originate may help ease their social communication.
A diagnosis of social communication disorder only keeps people from a community and resources they desperately want and need.
Boosting the activity of a class of neurons that dampen brain signals eases social problems in a mouse model of autism.
Girls with autism may have less severe restricted and repetitive behaviors than do boys on the spectrum.
With a growing acknowledgement of self-awareness in people with autism, self-report questionnaires are gaining popularity in research and clinical practice.
Mice missing TAOK2, a gene in a segment of chromosome 16 linked to autism, have big brains, immature neuronal junctions and asocial behavior.
Deleting one copy of a gene called MVP impairs the brain's ability to adapt to changes in the environment.