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Signs & Symptoms

Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.

July 2018
News / Toolbox

Glowing capsule illuminates problems in gut

by  /  13 July 2018

An ingestible electronic capsule enables researchers to instantaneously detect molecules associated with gastrointestinal issues.

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EEG readouts, genetic data and other colorful streams of information go into a yellow box, and come out in a regular pattern on the other side.
Features / Deep Dive

Can a computer diagnose autism?

by  /  11 July 2018

Machine-learning holds the promise to help clinicians spot autism sooner, but technical and ethical obstacles remain.

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Teen girl sits on stairs, alone, downcast.
News

Social problems common in autism raise risk of suicidal behavior

by  /  4 July 2018

Teenagers in the general population who have trouble with social communication are at double the risk of purposefully harming themselves with suicidal intentions than their peers.

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News

Rat squeaks may reveal autism gene’s role in communication

by  /  2 July 2018

Rats with a mutation in CACNA1C, a gene linked to autism, make fewer happy squeaks while playing than controls do, and ignore other rats’ requests to play.

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June 2018
Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Lactobacillus reuteri. Lactobacillus reuteri, a probiotic bacterium, is found in breast milk and the human gastrointestinal tract. It is also found in cattle, pigs, chickens, turkeys, mice, hamsters, gerbils, ostriches and rats. This Lactobacillus produces reuterin which suppresses pathogens in the guts.
News

Autism mutation alters balance of gut bacteria in mice

by  /  28 June 2018

Mice with a mutation in a top autism gene may have altered levels of certain gut bacteria; feeding the mice one of these bacterial species eases some of their troubles.

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News

Pupillary reflex in infancy may yield clues to autism

by  /  25 June 2018

The pupils of babies later diagnosed with autism shrink more in response to light than those of their typical peers.

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Mom holding crying toddler
News / Toolbox

New parent surveys expand autism screening to infants, minorities

by  /  22 June 2018

Two new parent questionnaires could help clinicians identify autism in babies and in members of racial or ethnic minority groups.

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Features / Deep Dive

How to game the search for autism treatments

by  /  20 June 2018

An expanding arcade of video games takes aim at easing autism traits, from poor visual attention to problems with motor skills. But how useful — and fun — are these games, really?

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News

Mutations in autism gene may trigger milder effects than does its loss

by  /  20 June 2018

People with mutations in SHANK3 have milder features than do those missing a chunk of DNA that includes the gene.

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three teenage girls talking and laughing in school hallway while one girl stands alone to the side.
News

Some autism traits may show up later in girls than in boys

by  /  18 June 2018

Girls with autism traits have fewer problems with social communication than boys do early on, but their skills worsen by adolescence.

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