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Tag: hyperactivity

December 2013
News

Molecular mechanisms: Enzyme blockers help fragile X mice

by  /  13 December 2013

Lithium and other drugs that inhibit a key enzyme called GSK-3 reverse cognitive deficits in a mouse model of fragile X syndrome, according to a pair of studies published in August and September. 

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November 2013
News

Genetics: Spontaneous mutation links dopamine to autism

by  /  12 November 2013

A newly discovered spontaneous mutation, described 27 August in Molecular Psychiatry, links autism to changes in the regulation of the chemical messenger dopamine.

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October 2013
Opinion / Viewpoint

ESSENCE: From defined categories to broad understanding

by  /  8 October 2013

Clinicians should place children under age 5 who have developmental delay into a broad diagnostic category, called ESSENCE, which may then resolve into any number of individual diagnoses over time, says Christopher Gillberg. 

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September 2013
News

Cognition and behavior: Autism symptoms change over time

by  /  27 September 2013

Siblings of children with autism who are later diagnosed with the disorder themselves become more active, less adaptable and less likely to approach others over time, according to a study published 3 July in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

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August 2013
Opinion / Viewpoint

How gender influences the autism brain

by ,  /  27 August 2013

Understanding the basis of sexual dimorphism in autism may not only inform our treatment of this condition, but may translate to therapies for many other mental illnesses, say Nirao Shah and Devanand Manoli.

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Opinion

Ritalin reaction

by  /  23 August 2013

Some children with autism and hyperactivity have a genetic intolerance to methylphenidate (Ritalin), the drug commonly prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, reports a new study published 16 July in Pharmacogenomics.

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News

Genetics: Genes near Williams region linked to autism traits

by  /  23 August 2013

Genes near the chromosomal region implicated in Williams syndrome are involved in epilepsy and autism-like behaviors, according to a study published 12 June in the European Journal of Human Genetics.

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July 2013
Opinion / Viewpoint

Exploring sleep in children with autism

by ,  /  30 July 2013

Many children with autism have problems with sleep, which can worsen symptoms of the disorder. A better understanding of sleep in autism may help reveal the mechanisms of autism and point to potential treatments, say Ruth O’Hara and Michelle Primeau.

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Opinion

Ritalin probe

by  /  16 July 2013

Ritalin lowers impulsivity, oppositional behavior and attention deficit in children with autism and has mild side effects, reports a study published 19 June in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

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June 2013
News

Genetics: Variants in chromosome 16 region show male bias

by  /  25 June 2013

Males, but not females, with neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism are more likely to have deletions or duplications in the 16p13.11 chromosomal region than controls are, according to a study published 18 April in PLoS One.

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