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Spectrum: Autism Research News

Tag: cortex

May 2022
3D rendering of a mouse brain showing axons coming from the prefrontal cortex in various colors.

New atlas maps neuronal wiring in mouse brain

by  /  3 May 2022

The ‘projectome’ charts axonal pathways between individual cells in the prefrontal cortex, a brain region implicated in autism.

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April 2022
Micrographs comparing mouse striatal neurons missing TSHZ3 and wildtype striatal neurons.

Two groups of neurons govern autism-like traits in model mice

by  /  15 April 2022

Together, the neurons are part of the corticostriatal circuit, which has been implicated in autism.

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Miniature microscope records thousands of neurons in moving mice

by  /  12 April 2022

The open-source device achieves subcellular resolution in a larger tissue volume than was possible with prior miniscopes, without impinging upon a mouse’s behavior.

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March 2022
Neurons with low levels of ASH1L have fewer and shorter projections

Drug boosts growth of neurons deficient in autism-linked protein

by  /  25 March 2022

The neurons, which have low levels of the gene ASH1L, sprout more branches after the treatment.

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Neurons lighting up yellow, green and red on blue.

Controlling neurons with ultrasound: Q&A with Sreekanth Chalasani

by  /  1 March 2022

The new method, called sonogenetics, noninvasively manipulates neural circuits in mice.

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January 2022

Rethinking the origins of neurons: Q&A with Tomasz Nowakowski

by  /  20 January 2022

Excitatory and inhibitory neurons can derive from the same cellular source in the developing human brain, a new study suggests, overturning a 20-year-old hypothesis. Tomasz Nowakowski discusses the finding’s implications for autism research.

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Cerebral cortex transcript

Alternate RNA versions of genes may shape autism

by  /  7 January 2022

Autism may involve different levels of RNA isoforms encoded by genes in the brain, which express many more proteins than previously thought.

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December 2021

Myelin loss may explain how autism-linked DNA deletion affects cognition

by  /  8 December 2021

Deleting a copy of the gene TBX1 depletes the fatty myelin insulation that surrounds neurons and reduces cognitive speed in mice.

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October 2021

‘Light beads’ method images activity across the mouse brain

by  /  12 October 2021

The new technique can record hundreds of thousands of neurons firing nearly simultaneously across big swaths of brain tissue in living mice.

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September 2021
Four brains showing areas affected by the X chomosome in yellow

X chromosome exerts extra influence on brain development

by  /  15 September 2021

The X chromosome holds stronger-than-expected genetic sway over the structure of several brain regions. The genes that may underlie this oversized influence have ties to autism.

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