TOPIC

The Brain

Charting the structure and function of the brain’s many circuits may unravel autism’s mysteries.

November 2018
Artistic interpretation of a neuron in the hippocampus.
News

Subset of neurons may underlie brain’s response to experience

by  /  7 November 2018

Experiences may shape the human brain by altering neurons that boost brain activity.

0 Comments
Two white mice, one on a wheel, sniff noses.
News

Infection during childhood may aggravate autism risk from mutation

by  /  7 November 2018

Triggering an immune defense in newborn male mice missing a copy of TSC2, a gene linked to autism, impairs the mice’s social memory.

0 Comments
News

Study links changes in blood flow to autism

by  /  7 November 2018

Mice with an autism-linked deletion in chromosome 16 show abnormalities in their blood vessels and circulation.

0 Comments
Chandelier cells send their signals through fibers arranged in vertical columns that are reminiscent of the candles in a chandelier.
News

Chandelier cells may sprout few branches in autism brains

by  /  7 November 2018

Specialized neurons called chandelier cells, which dampen brain signals, make unusually few connections in the brains of people with autism.

0 Comments
Light brown rat stand on hind legs, sniffing and listening
News

Vagus-nerve stimulation may ease hearing problems in Rett rats

by  /  7 November 2018

Stimulating the vagus nerve may normalize the brain response to sound in a rat model of Rett syndrome. It may also improve rats’ behavioral response to certain speech sounds.

0 Comments
News

Fraction of brain’s links create ‘fingerprints’ of identity

by  /  7 November 2018

A tiny fraction of the connections between brain regions can identify an individual.

0 Comments
News

Some autism genes may be especially vulnerable to mutations

by  /  7 November 2018

A small number of autism genes are located in fragile regions of the genome — those prone to breaking when cells copy DNA.

0 Comments
News

Inflammation in womb may spawn autism-like traits in males

by  /  6 November 2018

Chronic exposure to inflammation in the womb alters autism gene expression and disrupts social behavior in male mice, but not females.

0 Comments
Neurons glow green in mice brain.
News

Loss of autism gene alters landscape of inhibitory brain signals

by  /  6 November 2018

Mice lacking one copy of a leading autism gene have hyperexcitable brains and problems with learning and memory.

0 Comments
Baby with EEG cap looks at camera.
News

Brain waves of autistic children show delay in language learning

by  /  6 November 2018

Babies eventually diagnosed with autism learn to detect speech sounds later than their typical peers do.

0 Comments