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Signs & Symptoms

Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.

November 2018
Illustration shows head with closed eyes.
News

‘Shock therapy’ may help some autistic teens with catatonia

by  /  26 November 2018

Case reports suggest electroconvulsive therapy is effective for treating catatonia in people with autism.

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Feet of a child on a scale, weighing in at 86 pounds.
News

Obesity risk tracks with severity of autism traits, study suggests

by  /  22 November 2018

The latest study to show that autistic children tend to be overweight suggests that the risk is greatest for those at the severe end of the spectrum.

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News

Schizophrenia prevalence may be threefold higher in people with autism

by  /  21 November 2018

Autism and schizophrenia co-occur significantly more often than would be expected by chance, according to an analysis of nearly 2 million people.

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News

Young children with autism may show brain-fluid buildup

by  /  19 November 2018

Autistic children aged 2 to 4 have about 15 percent more fluid between their skull and their brain than their typical peers do.

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Purkinje neurons glow red in this section.
News

Cerebellum’s role in autism may depend on timing

by  /  12 November 2018

Two studies published in the past two months provide new clues to when and how the cerebellum contributes to autism.

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Marmoset in a clear cage in a lab.
News

Monkey motion-capture reveals social behavior in 3-D

by  /  8 November 2018

A monkey-sized jacket embedded with motion sensors — similar to technology used to animate creatures in movies — is helping researchers develop the common marmoset as a model for studying human social behavior.

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A collage shows a black and white portrait of Russian doGrunya Efimovna Sukhareva on a colored background.
Features / Deep Dive

How history forgot the woman who defined autism

by  /  7 November 2018

Grunya Sukhareva characterized autism nearly two decades before Austrian doctors Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger. So why did the latter get all the credit?

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Light brown rat stand on hind legs, sniffing and listening
News

Vagus-nerve stimulation may ease hearing problems in Rett rats

by  /  7 November 2018

Stimulating the vagus nerve may normalize the brain response to sound in a rat model of Rett syndrome. It may also improve rats’ behavioral response to certain speech sounds.

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News

Motor, sensory traits refine autism definition in research framework

by  /  7 November 2018

Adding motor and sensory data boosts the accuracy of Research Domain Criteria — a broad research framework adopted by the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health — for predicting autism.

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News

Genetic background can alter behavior of common mouse strains

by  /  7 November 2018

Mice with different genetic backgrounds have distinct behavioral profiles — and that may muddle findings from mouse research.

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