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Signs & Symptoms

Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.

August 2020
Illustration showing the human brain made out of flower shapes with the brainstem labeled.
News

Brain’s center of automatic body functions has autism links

by  /  20 August 2020

The brainstem controls such disparate functions as breathing, sensation and sleep — all of which can be altered in autism.

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News / Toolbox

New measures of social skills tap what monkeys see, do

by  /  14 August 2020

A pair of tools that gauge social abilities in rhesus macaques may help researchers study autism-like behaviors in monkeys.

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Illustration showing two hands plugging cables into different areas of the brain, eg. prefrontal cortex, motor cortex, etc.
News

Motor difficulties in autism, explained

by  /  13 August 2020

Most people with autism have motor difficulties, ranging from an atypical gait to problems with handwriting, but researchers still have much to learn about their causes and consequences.

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Illustration shows an ear balancing on a brain, surrounded by barriers blocking sound waves
Features / Deep Dive

Confusion at the crossroads of autism and hearing loss

by  /  12 August 2020

Hearing difficulties and autism often overlap, exacerbating autism traits and complicating diagnoses.

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A plate with a slice of yellow cake sits on a blue plate on a light blue table cloth, surrounded by spoons and forks. This image places an emphasis on food and ritualized behaviors.
Opinion

Autism and eating disorders may have an emotional connection

by , ,  /  12 August 2020

Eating disorders have the highest mortality rates of any kinds of mental illness. They don’t discriminate, affecting people of all ethnicities, sexualities, gender identities, ages and backgrounds.

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Young child on her bed looking at a book.
News

Studies unravel diversity of traits tied to chromosome 16 mutations

by  /  3 August 2020

Two new analyses help to explain why mutations to the chromosomal region 16p11.2 can lead to autism, intellectual disability or language difficulties.

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July 2020
Researcher attaching electrodes to a baby's head during an electroencephalography study in the Sleep Room
News

Infants’ brain waves may foretell autism traits

by  /  24 July 2020

Babies with telltale patterns of electrical activity in the brain have pronounced autism traits as toddlers.

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Illustration shows scientist is observing social behavior in a large group of children
Opinion / Viewpoint

In search of ‘social’ subtypes of autism

by ,  /  21 July 2020

Grouping autistic people based on their social abilities may reveal subtypes of the condition.

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Micrograph of muscle cells
News

Some motor problems in autism may arise from cells outside brain

by  /  20 July 2020

The autism gene SHANK3 is crucial for the development and function of muscles and the motor neurons that control them.

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Person sleeping with EEG electrodes attached to head
Opinion / Viewpoint

Losing sleep: How researchers miss a key contributor to autism

by ,  /  16 July 2020

Doctors and scientists should consider sleep problems an integral part of autism and begin to study them in more rigorous ways.

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