Autistic people who have trouble speaking or moving often do poorly on standard tests of intelligence. Newer methods promise to uncover their abilities — and improve our understanding of autism itself.
Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.
Some children diagnosed with autism by age 2 show unusual responses to sights, sounds and textures as infants.
Clinicians need to be able to distinguish autism from post-traumatic stress disorder so they can provide the right support.
Autistic women’s activity in a ‘social’ brain region tracks with the extent to which they mask their autism.
To understand another person’s point of view, children with autism may need to actively suppress their own.
About 1 in 40 children in the United States has autism, according to a survey conducted in 2016. Roughly 30 percent of those children were not being treated for the condition at the time.
Some autistic children don’t show traits of the condition until age 5 or later.
Parents may speak to their autistic children using fewer words and less complex sentences than do parents of typical children, which in turn shapes the children’s language skills.