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Tag: endophenotype

July 2011
Opinion

Playing by the rules

by  /  26 July 2011

Broken rules are even more distressing to people with autism than being excluded, according to a new study.

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Opinion / Viewpoint

Studying infant sibs of children with autism spectrum disorder

by  /  5 July 2011

Studying the infant siblings of children who have autism to identify early signs of the disorder is expected to have enormous impact on the field from a clinical and a basic science standpoint, says psychologist Karen Dobkins.

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June 2011
News

Cognition and behavior: IQ predicts sensitivity to human movement

by  /  15 June 2011

Adults with autism who have high intelligence quotients (IQ) are better at identifying the direction of biological motion than are those with lower IQ scores, according to a study published 3 May in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

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May 2011
News

Genetics: Multiple hits affect key pathways in autism

by  /  24 May 2011

Individuals with autism have multiple mutations in a pathway that functions in the mitochondria, the energy center of the cell, according to a study published 27 April in the European Journal of Human Genetics. They also have higher-than-average numbers of variants in pathways involved in metabolism, gene expression and the regulation of cell division.

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News

Autism traits common among healthy people

by  /  9 May 2011

Two large studies published in the past two months have found that traits linked to autism are widely distributed in the general population. Although about 1 in 100 children is diagnosed with autism, up to 30 percent of people may have at least one of the traits associated with the disorder.

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News

Molecular mechanisms: Autism candidate recycles neurotoxin

by  /  4 May 2011

An autism-associated gene variant of glyoxalase 1, or GLO1, leads to the buildup of a compound that is toxic to neurons, according to a study published 12 April in Autism Research.

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April 2011
News

Cognition and behavior: Brain response to faces could signal autism

by  /  27 April 2011

At 12 months of age, infant siblings of children with autism have a brain response to unfamiliar faces that is characteristic of typical children at a younger age, according to a study published 26 March in Brain Topography. This developmental delay could be used as an early biomarker for autism.

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News

Genetics: Small chromosome changes are rare, inherited

by  /  13 April 2011

Small duplications or deletions of DNA regions — called micro-copy number variations — may not lead directly to disease, but could raise the risk of autism when combined with other mutations, according to a study published in March in the American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics.

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March 2011
News

Machine-learning tool shows promise for autism diagnosis

by  /  14 March 2011

It’s too soon to call it a diagnostic test for autism, but an algorithm that detects patterns in brain waves shows promise as one component of a screening battery for the disorder, say researchers familiar with the work.

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Opinion

Active brains

by  /  1 March 2011

Studies of healthy infants may help identify early risk factors for autism by establishing new developmental milestones.

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