Children with autism who suffer from severe gastrointestinal problems show markedly lower-than-normal levels of enzymes needed to digest complex sugars, and of transporters that allow simple sugars to be absorbed into the blood.
Spectrum: Autism Research News
Efforts to ease the symptoms of autism are beginning to ramp up, with promising candidates in various stages of testing.
Individuals who have autism and dysmorphology comprise a distinct subgroup within the disorder, says geneticist Judith Miles.
A $10 million grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation is funding a five-year project to develop new technologies that can help clinicians diagnose and treat autism.
Researchers have engineered four new mouse lines that each show activation of a different subset of neurons in response to a blue light.
A protein that regulates the development of serotonin-producing neurons in the brain is associated with autism.
Researchers have optimized an early social screening questionnaire to distinguish autism from other developmental disabilities in preschool-aged children.