TOPIC

The Brain

Charting the structure and function of the brain’s many circuits may unravel autism’s mysteries.

November 2018
Two hands hold two pills, one red and one blue.
News

Drug duo delivers brain, behavioral benefits for fragile X syndrome

by  /  8 November 2018

Administering a cholesterol drug alongside an antibiotic eases atypical behavior and restores the signaling balance in the brains of people with fragile X syndrome.

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Toddle boy having his head measured in a medical setting.
News

Brain organoid study firmly links autism mutations to RhoA

by  /  7 November 2018

A cellular pathway that helps neurons grow and move during fetal development may drive the changes in head size in some autistic people.

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Infant in fnirs cap, wrapped in blankets.
News

Study tracks social brain development in African infants

by  /  7 November 2018

An inexpensive, noninvasive method can track social brain development in infants in low-resource countries.

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Artistic interpretation of a neuron in the hippocampus.
News

Subset of neurons may underlie brain’s response to experience

by  /  7 November 2018

Experiences may shape the human brain by altering neurons that boost brain activity.

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Two white mice, one on a wheel, sniff noses.
News

Infection during childhood may aggravate autism risk from mutation

by  /  7 November 2018

Triggering an immune defense in newborn male mice missing a copy of TSC2, a gene linked to autism, impairs the mice’s social memory.

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News

Study links changes in blood flow to autism

by  /  7 November 2018

Mice with an autism-linked deletion in chromosome 16 show abnormalities in their blood vessels and circulation.

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Chandelier cells send their signals through fibers arranged in vertical columns that are reminiscent of the candles in a chandelier.
News

Chandelier cells may sprout few branches in autism brains

by  /  7 November 2018

Specialized neurons called chandelier cells, which dampen brain signals, make unusually few connections in the brains of people with autism.

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Light brown rat stand on hind legs, sniffing and listening
News

Vagus-nerve stimulation may ease hearing problems in Rett rats

by  /  7 November 2018

Stimulating the vagus nerve may normalize the brain response to sound in a rat model of Rett syndrome. It may also improve rats’ behavioral response to certain speech sounds.

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News

Fraction of brain’s links create ‘fingerprints’ of identity

by  /  7 November 2018

A tiny fraction of the connections between brain regions can identify an individual.

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News

Some autism genes may be especially vulnerable to mutations

by  /  7 November 2018

A small number of autism genes are located in fragile regions of the genome — those prone to breaking when cells copy DNA.

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