Autistic infants as young as 4 months may have fewer verbal exchanges with their caregivers than their peers do.
Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.
Several of the brain’s responses to sound are sluggish in autistic children who speak few or no words, compared with those who are verbal.
Autistic infants who have extreme responses to sights, sounds or textures tend to harm themselves as toddlers.
Most 4-year-old autistic children cannot string more than two words together.
Depression may influence how people with autism perform on tests of social function.
Restricted and repetitive behaviors decrease significantly in about 75 percent of autistic children from age 3 to 11.
Autistic children are more likely to have gastrointestinal problems than typical children are, but no more so than children with other brain conditions.
Two drugs that alter the activity of the hormone vasopressin seem to improve social communication in autistic people, but some experts question the findings.