The brain areas involved in mice’s ultrasonic vocalizations may not be the same as those that govern human speech.
Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.
Children with autism who carry mutations in the chromosomal region 16p11.2 or the gene CHD8 — two of the leading risk factors for autism — show distinct patterns of chemical tags on their DNA.
An experimental drug that muffles the activity of neurons in the skin moderates heightened reactions to touch in six mouse models of autism.
People on the spectrum, and girls and women in particular, are at high risk of suicide; siblings of autistic people are also at heightened risk.
An experimental behavioral therapy delivered by parents does not improve autism traits in babies who screen positive for the condition.
Autistic people are four times as likely to experience depression over the course of their lives as their neurotypical peers. Yet researchers know little about why, or how best to help.
Separating sensitivity to sensory stimuli from the response to the stimuli may help scientists understand the root cause of sensory traits in autistic people.
The brains of some autistic children may not adapt to repeated touch or sound, even after several minutes.