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Signs & Symptoms

Autism’s core symptoms accompany a constellation of subtle signs that scientists are just beginning to unmask.

May 2020
baby grasping an adult hand
News

Hormone level in infants may predict autism diagnosis

by  /  11 May 2020

Infants with low levels of the hormone vasopressin in their cerebrospinal fluid may be more likely to later be diagnosed with autism.

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Teenage girl sad and sitting by window.
News

Autistic girls may experience more emotional challenges than autistic boys do

by  /  8 May 2020

Emotion control eludes more girls than boys with autism, according to a new study of young people hospitalized for psychiatric issues.

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Depressed teenage girl in her bedroom.
News

Autistic children’s emotional problems may persist into young adulthood

by  /  1 May 2020

A study that followed 126 autistic people in England from their preteen years to age 23 found little improvement in their behavioral and emotional problems.

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April 2020
Preteen girl taking test with assessor sitting nearby
News / Toolbox

Cognitive tests may help characterize intellectual disability

by  /  29 April 2020

Standardized tests can reliably assess memory, language ability, executive function and other traits in people with intellectual disability linked to autism.

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Child is organizing her toys in her room
News

Autistic children’s repetitive behaviors linked to sleep, sensory problems

by  /  20 April 2020

Toddlers who sleep poorly or overreact or underreact to sensory stimuli have more repetitive behaviors and other autism traits later in childhood.

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Toddler cries, looking away from parent
News

Infants’ interactions with parents may predict autism

by  /  17 April 2020

In younger siblings of children with autism, insecure attachments to their caregivers increases the odds of being diagnosed with autism.

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three children in profile with speech bubbles: one is empty, one contains one letter, and one contains the word 'hi" to illustrate various levels of verbal ability.
Opinion / Q&A

How to define verbal ability in autistic children

by  /  14 April 2020

Researchers use a variety of measures and definitions to characterize autistic children who speak few or no words.

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Illustration shows heads and brains inside at various sizes.
News

Autism’s relationship to head size, explained

by  /  9 April 2020

Some people with autism have an unusually large head. What causes the enlargement? And does it have any bearing on outcome?

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Microscopic view of neurons
News

Mutations in autism gene linked to distinct conditions

by  /  3 April 2020

Individuals with mutations in an autism gene called TRIO may have a range of conditions, including intellectual disability and anomalous head size.

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News

Popular autism screening tool is unreliable, study suggests

by  /  2 April 2020

A short, widely used screening survey for autism called the AQ-10 may not be reliable for measuring traits of the condition in the general population.

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