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Genes

Rare or common, inherited or spontaneous, mutations form the core of autism risk.

January 2020
Diagram statistics
News

Analysis of sequences pegs 102 top autism genes

by  /  24 January 2020

The number of top autism genes has risen from 65 to 102, based on an analysis of more than 35,000 sequences. And researchers are seeing the first hints of autism risk variants in the regions between genes.

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Micrograph of brain organoid in green and red
News

Spheres of brain cells may offer crystal ball for autism’s origins

by  /  24 January 2020

Researchers have monitored the active genome in brain organoids over the course of nearly two years — and may find clues to autism’s roots.

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Teenage girl with headache
News

Autistic people have increased incidence of neurological problems

by  /  23 January 2020

People with autism have more brain-related health problems, such as headaches and epilepsy, than typical people do.

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Image of many sperm in a mosaic-like pattern
News

Genetic tests of sperm may forecast odds of autism in children

by  /  16 January 2020

Some men who have an autistic child carry mutations linked to the condition only in their sperm.

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Variants linked to multiple conditions, including autism, tend to appear in genes that influence brain development, as shown in this chart in blue and grey.
News

Autism may share inherited variants with other psychiatric conditions

by  /  13 January 2020

Some of the inherited variants implicated in autism also increase the odds of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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People from Asia have high genetic diversity due to historical mixing with many ethnic groups, represented here by different colors. Each horizontal strip includes one more geographical region than the strip above it.
News / Toolbox

Catalog of Asia’s genetic diversity may aid search for autism variants

by  /  10 January 2020

A new resource details the genetic diversity of people in Asia and may shed light on genetic conditions such as autism.

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News

Autism’s genetic drivers may differ by sex

by  /  9 January 2020

Autism may stem from a different — and larger — set of genetic mutations in women than it does in men.

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Young man in textured space, environmental factors and genes swarm in and around him
Opinion / Viewpoint

Autism heritability: It probably does not mean what you think it means

by  /  7 January 2020

The question of autism’s heritability is compelling for researchers and laypeople alike, but many people in both groups misunderstand its definition.

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Brain MRIs showing injured blood vessels
News

Study ties gene active in developing brain to autism

by  /  6 January 2020

Mutations in a gene called ZNF292 lead to a variety of developmental conditions, including autism and intellectual disability.

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December 2019
Mother mouse with pups on white
News

Multiple genes may conspire to lead to autism traits

by  /  23 December 2019

The many genes implicated in Williams syndrome, a condition related to autism, may all work together to exert their effects on behavior.

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