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Genes

Rare or common, inherited or spontaneous, mutations form the core of autism risk.

November 2010
News

Lithium targets key enzyme to improve fragile X symptoms

by  /  18 November 2010

Lithium ameliorates some of the cognitive and behavioral deficits associated with fragile X syndrome by blocking GSK-3, an enzyme that plays a key role in development, researchers said Wednesday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego.

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Automated cage helps diagnose social behavior

by  /  18 November 2010

Researchers have designed an automated cage assay to minimize the anxiety mice feel as they are being tested for social behavior. The new technique was presented at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego.

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Fish tale implicates language gene in autism

by  /  18 November 2010

Reducing the levels of CNTNAP2 — a gene implicated in both autism and language impairment — in zebrafish leads to a decrease in neurons that dampen signals in the brain, according to unpublished data presented Tuesday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego.

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Fragile X mice have shortage of synaptic proteins

by  /  18 November 2010

The brains of young mice with fragile X syndrome show a dearth of two proteins that are important at the synapse, the junction between neurons, researchers reported Tuesday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego.

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Inner receptors may be important for fragile X treatment

by  /  18 November 2010

Contrary to popular belief, receptors both outside and inside a cell regulate a cellular pathway that is overactive in people with fragile X syndrome, researchers reported Tuesday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego. The finding could have significant implications for drug treatments of fragile X syndrome.

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Video: The next decade in autism research

by  /  18 November 2010

In a keynote lecture on Tuesday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego, Nat Heintz predicted that over the next ten years, scientists will piece together detailed molecular signatures of each of the hundreds of cell types in the mouse brain. After the talk, he sat down with SFARI on a sunny patio to discuss what this decade of advancements might mean for autism research.

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Asocial BTBR strain is “autistic mouse,” researcher claims

by  /  17 November 2010

An asocial inbred mouse strain called BTBR may show behaviors associated with autism, such as avoiding eye gaze and forming an attachment to objects, researchers reported Monday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego.

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Connections between language areas impaired in autism

by  /  17 November 2010

Important language areas in the brain don’t show the expected patterns of connectivity when people with autism listen to speech, suggests a poster presented Monday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego.

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Autism symptoms more severe in younger siblings

by  /  17 November 2010

In families with more than one child diagnosed with autism, younger siblings appear to be more severely affected by the disorder, according to new data presented Tuesday at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego.

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Genetics: Lower verbal intelligence in autism is inherited

by  /  17 November 2010

Better performance on intelligence tests that measure spatial rather than verbal ability is inherited in people with autism, according to a paper published online in October in Human Genetics.

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