Rare antibodies associated with autism are unusually common among women who developed diabetes while pregnant with a child who has autism.
From parental age to infection during pregnancy, environmental elements can influence autism risk.
Jill Escher is on a mission to spur research into how chemicals in the environment may influence risk for autism.
Infection during pregnancy may blunt the growth of neurons in the fetus by boosting levels of the chemical messenger serotonin.
Autism is four times more prevalent among extremely premature babies than in the general population.
Pregnant women with elevated levels of certain immune molecules are at increased risk of having a child with both autism and intellectual disability.
High levels of an inflammatory protein in pregnant women may lower the risk of autism in their children.
The mutations that men accumulate in their sperm as they age don’t account for most of their increased risk of having a child with autism.
Triggering immune defenses in pregnant mice leads to autism-like behaviors not only in their pups, but also in the following generations.
A class of fungicides used on crops can produce changes in mouse brain cells that look similar to those seen in people with autism.