Many African children with autism are hidden away at home — sometimes tied up, almost always undiagnosed. Efforts to bring the condition into the open are only just beginning.
Diagnosing autism is an evolving science but a crucial first step to understanding the disorder.
Cultural barriers lead clinicians to misdiagnose or miss children with autism in immigrant communities.
Black and Hispanic children are less likely than their white peers to meet criteria for an autism diagnosis.
A new formulation of the hormone melatonin seems to improve sleep in some children with autism.
In people with fragile X syndrome, autism is often accompanied by seizures, trouble falling or staying asleep and anxiety.
Children with ‘severe autism’ are the most in need of help, yet the most overlooked in research. A new initiative is making them the primary focus.
Children with autism who were born late tend to also have intellectual disability.
Children who have an older sister with autism are more likely to also have the condition than those who have an older brother on the spectrum.
Three studies suggest that clinicians need a more finely tuned screen for children younger than 20 months.
The presumption of the new report is that standardizing the method of diagnosis will address the problem of diagnostic uncertainty, but is it asking the right question?