The ‘extreme male brain’ theory suggests that autism is an exaggeration of systematic sex differences in ways of thinking.
Spectrum: Autism Research News
A pair of maps that depict variation in the human genome may help reveal the genetic roots of autism.
Some traits of autism are associated with obvious differences in brain structure, and the scope of these alterations may depend on the person’s sex.
Autistic women’s activity in a ‘social’ brain region tracks with the extent to which they mask their autism.
Autistic people with a minority sexual orientation or gender identity face specific challenges, from having their self-assessments dismissed to difficulties advocating for their gender needs.
Girls and boys with autism show different patterns of brain activity in response to sensory stimuli.
Autism researchers must attend to the need for sex and gender diversity in study design as a rule rather than as an exception.
The brain’s immune cells, called microglia, function differently in male and female rodents. In people, a similar phenomenon may make male brains more vulnerable to autism.