This year, researchers made big headway on autism’s most perplexing questions.
Autistic women’s activity in a ‘social’ brain region tracks with the extent to which they mask their autism.
Autistic people with a minority sexual orientation or gender identity face specific challenges, from having their self-assessments dismissed to difficulties advocating for their gender needs.
Girls and boys with autism show different patterns of brain activity in response to sensory stimuli.
Autism researchers must attend to the need for sex and gender diversity in study design as a rule rather than as an exception.
The brain’s immune cells, called microglia, function differently in male and female rodents. In people, a similar phenomenon may make male brains more vulnerable to autism.
Girls with autism traits have fewer problems with social communication than boys do early on, but their skills worsen by adolescence.
Female mice may compensate for the loss of a piece of chromosome 16 better than male mice do.
Girls with an autism diagnosis have more severe impairments in social communication than boys with the diagnosis.