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Spectrum: Autism Research News

Tag: sex

September 2018
Illustration shows white doctor's hands holding up a male figure cut in paper over a young African-American girl.

Quashing sex bias in autism research calls for participant rainbow

by  /  25 September 2018

Autism researchers must attend to the need for sex and gender diversity in study design as a rule rather than as an exception.


Autism’s sex bias may originate in brain’s immune cells

by  /  5 September 2018

The brain’s immune cells, called microglia, function differently in male and female rodents. In people, a similar phenomenon may make male brains more vulnerable to autism.

June 2018
three teenage girls talking and laughing in school hallway while one girl stands alone to the side.

Some autism traits may show up later in girls than in boys

by  /  18 June 2018

Girls with autism traits have fewer problems with social communication than boys do early on, but their skills worsen by adolescence.

Female head shape cut out of pink paper, under magnifying glass. Male head is in blue, opposite the female.

Autism’s sex ratio, explained

by  /  13 June 2018

More boys than girls have autism; diagnostic biases and genetic factors may explain the skewed sex ratio.


Chromosome 16’s role in brain, behavior varies by sex

by  /  1 June 2018

Female mice may compensate for the loss of a piece of chromosome 16 better than male mice do.

May 2018
Elementary school age girl with glasses watches from outside a fence.

To get an autism diagnosis, girls need worse social skills than boys

by  /  28 May 2018

Girls with an autism diagnosis have more severe impairments in social communication than boys with the diagnosis.

Silhouetted child in the trees

Young girls with autism have more psychiatric problems than boys

by  /  12 May 2018

A greater proportion of 3-year-old girls than boys with autism have psychiatric features such as anxiety and moodiness.

Week of MayMay

Dividing autism; novel messengers; million-dollar mark and more

by  /  11 May 2018

A researcher proposes splitting autism into subtypes, mitochondria make neurotransmitters, and highly successful grantees may face a funding cap.


In DSM-5, guidance on girls with autism is short but savvy

by  /  9 May 2018

The DSM-5 acknowledges how gender shapes autism more than any previous diagnostic manual has, but it’s time to fold in a few new findings.

April 2018
young girl sleeping with stuffed animals and dolls

Repetitive behaviors in autism show sex bias early in life

by  /  11 April 2018

Girls with autism may have less severe restricted and repetitive behaviors than do boys on the spectrum.