The animals recall fear more readily if a set of inhibitory neurons in the hippocampus is switched on.
Spectrum: Autism Research News
Tag: learning and memory
The protein, FMRP, shapes cell signaling near synapses but switches to regulate genes in the cell body, according to new research.
Mice that express a fluorescent synaptic receptor reveal the interactions between neurons in unprecedented detail.
Deleting a copy of the gene TBX1 depletes the fatty myelin insulation that surrounds neurons and reduces cognitive speed in mice.
Jolting a bundle of nerve fibers deep in the brain restores learning and memory in mice with mutations of the autism-linked gene CDKL5.
Researchers are increasingly turning to simple animals to learn about autism biology and find leads for new drugs.
Neurons in mice with an autism-linked mutation sprout extraneous protrusions, an overgrowth accompanied by above-average motor learning. Inhibiting a cell signaling pathway reverses the effect.
Over the course of a career spanning more than three decades, Huda Zoghbi has won almost every major biology and neuroscience research award that exists. More than 20 years since she discovered the gene behind Rett syndrome, she remains laser focused on unlocking the condition’s secrets and finding effective treatments.
Elizabeth Berry-Kravis has spent decades uncovering molecular clues to fragile X syndrome and crafting trials of treatments. Her efforts are paying off.
A technique that expands tissue before spotting and sequencing RNA — the molecular messenger for DNA — enables researchers to see where particular genes are expressed in cells.