Children with autism who take certain medications have different patterns of brain connectivity than do unmedicated children with the condition.
Researchers are pushing the limits of brain imaging, looking at fetal brains for the earliest signs of autism.
Small differences in brain imaging methods can have large effects on results.
Patterns of brain activity in 6-month-old babies accurately predict which children will be diagnosed with autism at age 2.
A rare condition marked by a sudden and profound loss of skills is biologically distinct from other forms of autism.
Assessing social ability in adults with autism requires controlled tests involving real-time social interactions. Virtual reality makes this possible.
Children with autism who are highly anxious tend to move their heads during brain scans and so may be excluded from important studies.
People with autism show an atypical pattern of brain activity when trying to adopt another person’s point of view.
Despite the completion of hundreds of imaging studies in people with autism, researchers have yet to find features that distinguish people with the condition.