Children and adolescents who outgrow an autism diagnosis as they get older show abilities within the average range for executive function, according to a study published 3 June in Child Neuropsychology.
Spectrum: Autism Research News
Many children with autism have problems with sleep, which can worsen symptoms of the disorder. A better understanding of sleep in autism may help reveal the mechanisms of autism and point to potential treatments, say Ruth O’Hara and Michelle Primeau.
Children who meet the criteria for both autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have more severe behavioral problems than do children with either disorder alone, according to three studies published in the past few months.
Children with autism have similar language deficits to those who have specific language impairment, but are better at seeing the details in a scene, according to a study published 15 May in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. The results support the idea that the two disorders resemble each other only superficially.
To study attention in people with autism during complex social situations, researchers have developed a virtual reality version of public speaking, according to a study published 20 May in Autism Research.
When choosing whether to look at a face or an object, children with autism generally pick the same thing controls do, according to a study published 10 April in Frontiers in Psychiatry. The finding contradicts the widely held belief that people with autism tend not to look at faces.
Differences in brain activity that distinguish children with autism from controls may lessen with age, according to a meta-analysis published in the March issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
A handful of long-term studies, each including up to several hundred participants, have followed people with autism for close to two decades. As the children in some of these studies come of age, researchers are piecing together the disorder’s trajectories.
Children with both autism and language impairment have similar trouble suppressing their reflexes and avoiding distractions during a visual task compared with language-impaired children without autism, according to a study published in the January issue of Developmental Science.