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Spotted around the web: Week of 21 January 2019

by  /  25 January 2019

WEEK OF
January 21st

Research roundup

  • Scientists have identified neurons in the human visual cortex that respond to faces. Neurology
  • TP53, a gene that controls cell division and has been linked to cancer, also influences an individual’s head and brain size. Nature Communications
  • Suicide deaths have increased among people with autism, especially among women and girls, according to a 20-year population study in Utah. Autism Research
  • Antidepressant use during pregnancy is not associated with an increase in autism in children, according to a study in Japan. Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
  • A new model may provide insights into the function of interacting networks of brain regions involved in conditions such as autism. Bioinformatics
  • For the first time, scientists used the gene-editing system CRISPR to boost the rate of inheritance of genetic variants in mice. Nature
  • A new review offers guidelines for physicians on caring for adolescents who identify as transgender. Canadian Medical Association Journal

Science and society

    • Female prizewinners in biomedicine get, on average, 60.2 cents for every prize dollar that male awardees receive. Nature
    • Neuroscientists are finding evidence for ‘active’ forgetting, in which the brain wipes old memory traces to make space for new ones. Knowable Magazine
    • Neurons may have evolved from primitive cells whose main function was secreting chemicals into the environment. Science
    • A new ‘expansion microscopy’ technique has enabled scientists to create stunning images of the fruit fly brain and could eventually lead to detailed maps of the human brain. STAT
Fruit fly brain at magnification

Blown up: A new chemical technique expands the brain of fruit fly to reveal its intricate parts.

Gao et al / Science

  • Re-establishing trust in vaccines in the United States requires a public-health campaign ‘as bold and aggressive as the one being waged by the anti-vaccination contingent.’ The New York Times
  • The partial U.S. government shutdown is hindering grant review at the National Institutes of Health. Science
  • Early-career scientists aiming at tenure should focus on bringing in grants and conducting research, according to senior researchers. Nature

Funding news

  • Neuroscientists Eve Marder of Brandeis University and Liqun Luo of Stanford University are among the recipients of this year’s National Academy of Sciences awards. National Academy of Sciences
  • The United Kingdom’s National Autistic Society has announced finalists for the 2019 Autism Professionals Awards. National Autistic Society